The spirit helpers of shamans were thought to be able to attack another shaman. In a 1990 interview published in Uqalurait, Inuit elder Joanasie Qajaarjuaq, explained: Some of these miserable shamans went after other shamans while they slept, to catch them off guard. The sleeping shaman sensed spiritual beings coming at him and instantly knew that someone was attacking him. Instead of using his own spiritual helpers to defend against his attacker, he would redirect the energies back to whence they came. In this way, the miserable shaman who went after others ended up hurting himself when his spiritual energy rebounded.