Master of the Marble Madonnas is the name given to a late 15th century sculptor active in Tuscany and later Urbino. His busy workshop produced many such images of the Virgin and Child, which are characterized by the sensitive carving of the heads, drapery and decorative detail, introducing a liveliness and depth to the shallow relief. Many were partly painted and gilded to clarify the composition and to attract the eye. Although later altered, this example gives an excellent sense of the original effect. The coats-of-arms indicate that it was made for a client in Urbino.