Popova family, Moscow, Russia 
1957 – 1966/05/03
Victor C. Moore (1918–2000), Kingston, ON, Canada, purchased from the Popova family through George Costakis (1913–1990) 
National Gallery of Canada, purchased from Victor C. Moore 
 Canadian diplomat Victor C. Moore purchased the painting in 1957 in Moscow from a relative of Liubov Popova. George Costakis, a Russian citizen of Greek descent and collector of Russian avant-garde art who was then working for the Canadian embassy in Moscow, acted as an intermediary in the sale [letter from Victor C. Moore to Sylvia Giroux, collections and research, NGC, dated June 17, 1981, NGC curatorial file].
 See note .
 Accession Log [NGC curatorial file].