Studies for a Crucifixion
– Inscription on stretcher by Pierre Carolus-Duran, the artist's son:
ETUDE DU CHRIST / PAR / CAROLUS-DURAN / (se trouvant dans la chapelle / D'AYGULF VAR) / Pierre
– On backing two labels from Shepherd Gallery connected to 1975 and 1980 New York exhibitions.
– Stencilled on frame: “30583”
Artist's estate; Pierre Carolus-Duran, his son, by inheritance 
Herner Wengraf, London, UK (?) 
1974 – before 1975/05
Shepherd Gallery (Robert Kashey and David Wojciechowski), New York, purchased from Herner Wengraf 
before 1975/05 – 1978/12/04
Joey (b.1933) and Toby Tanenbaum, Toronto, purchased from the Shepherd Gallery 
National Gallery of Canada, given by Joey and Toby Tanenbaum 
 An inscription on the verso of the painting by Pierre Carolus-Duran, the artist's son, implies that it was in his possession after his father's death in 1917.
 Robert Kashey states that he purchased the painting from London art-dealer Herner Wengraf in 1974 [fax from Robert Kashey to A. Kausch, NGC Provenance Research Project, July 16, 2008, NGC curatorial file]. Alex Wengraf, however, does not remember ever owning the painting [emails from A. Wengraf to A. Kausch, , July 25, and August 14, 2008].
 See note . The Shepherd gallery included the work in their show “Ingres & Delacroix through Degas & Puvis de Chavannes. The Figure in French Art 1800–1870.” in May–June 1975. By this time the painting was already in possession of the Tanenbaums, as noted in the exhibition catalogue.
 See note . The Canadian philanthropists Joey and Toby Tanenbaum donated the painting to the NGC in 1978 [Accession log, NGC curatorial file].
 See note .