Lewis W. Hine

Marie Kriss, Seven Years Old, Shucks Oysters ... Biloxi, Mississippi

February 1911
When the great industrial expansion of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries created a need for cheap labour, state and federal governments adopted an open-door immigration policy and turned a blind eye to the employment of young children. A groundswell against this practice occurred under humanist leaders such as Felix Adler and under the National Child Labor Committee, established in 1904. In 1908, Lewis Hine embarked on a project with the NCLC to document children working in cotton fields, mills, and canning factories, shucking oysters and selling newspapers. Hine's photographs were eventually instrumental in effecting political change that banned child labour.
Title
Marie Kriss, Seven Years Old, Shucks Oysters ... Biloxi, Mississippi
Date
February 1911
Medium
Photograph
Materials
gelatin silver print
Dimensions
10.7 x 15.5 cm
Nationality
American
Credit line
Gift of Max Serlin, Winnipeg, 1981
Accession number
19548