Otto Dix

For Francisco Goya

c. 1923
Otto Dix and the Spaniard Francisco Goya (1746-1828), to whom this drawing is dedicated, were both consumed by the repulsive minutiae of reality and the darker aspects of human nature. At points in their careers, both artists had to make sense of the horrors of war and its aftermath - Goya in Spain under Napoleonic attack, Dix in Weimar Republic Germany following World War I. Dix responded with graphic, allegorical images of a society consumed by its own moral decay. As a harbinger of both sex and death, the demon-whore of this picture refers to Nietzschean notions of the eternal cycles of creation, destruction, and renewal, thematic fixtures of Dix's art throughout the 1920s.
Artist
Title
For Francisco Goya
Date
c. 1923
Medium
Drawing
Materials
brush and black ink over black chalk on wove paper
Dimensions
35.4 x 49.6 cm
Nationality
German
Credit line
Purchased 1975
Accession number
18240