In auction at Paris, March 1, 1815, lot 30 (?) 
Ludwig Maximilian Comte Rigal (1748–1830) 
Alexis Nicholas Pérignon (1785–1864) 
Quatre-Solz de Lahante (?) 
Private Collection, South of France 
By 1976 – 1977/05/16
Heim Gallery Ltd. (François Heim and Andrew Ciechanowieki), Paris, France 
National Gallery of Canada, purchased from the Heim Gallery 
The main source for this provenance is Bernard Dorival's catalogue raisonné, cat. no. 2045 [Dorival, Bernard. "Philippe de Champaigne. La vie, l'œuvre, et le catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre." Paris, 1976, vol. II, p.386, cat. no. 2045, repr. 517]. Exceptions and other supporting documents are noted.
 Dorival lists this sale in his provenance with reservations. The description in the catalogue reads ”Un Christ a la croix, et dans le fond la ville de Jerusalem.” No dimensions are given. Since Champaigne produced a number of very similar works, it is impossible to clearly identify this painting as the NGC's [Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 8651].
 A painting of Christ on the Cross by Champaigne with a matching description and similar dimensions was included in sale in Paris in 1816 [“Catalogue de tableaux par A. Pérignon” at Paris, Jan. 29, 1816, lot 3, Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 8805]. According to a handwritten note in the Heim copy of the sale catalogue, the painting was offered by Ludwig Maximilian Comte Rigal (1748–1830), a French-German collector of engravings [provenance given by Heim Gallery, Accession records, NGC curatorial file]. The copy of the same catalogue in the NGC curatorial file has a handwritten entry, identifying Pérignon as its buyer. Perignon was apparently the organizer of the sale.
 The painting was sold the following year by Pérignon [“Catalogue de tableaux précieux, provenant du cabinet de M. Pérignon, peintre, commissaire expert des Musées Royaux”, Paris, Dec. 10, 1817, lot 7, Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 9256]
 Dorival mentions that a Christ on the Cross by Champaigne was offered in a sale in Paris, 1838 [“Catalogue de tableaux italiens espagnols, flamands, hollandais et français composante l'intéressante collection de feu M. Quatre-Solz de Lahante, ancient commissaire–expert du Musée royal.” Paris, May 8-10, 1838, lot no. 57.] However, the catalogue does not give any dimensions, which makes it impossible to identify the work as the NGC's version.
 This provenance information was given by the Heim Gallery. See note . [Accession records, NGC curatorial file].
 Negotiations between the NGC and the Heim Gallery about the purchase of the work started in August 1976 [Accession records, NGC curatorial file].
 Accession log [NGC curatorial file].