Philippe de Champaigne

Christ on the Cross

c. 1655-1660

In auction at Paris, March 1, 1815, lot 30 (?) [1]

– 1816/01/29
Ludwig Maximilian Comte Rigal (1748–1830) [2]

– 1817/12/10
Alexis Nicholas Pérignon (1785–1864) [3]

– 1838/05/10
Quatre-Solz de Lahante (?) [4]

– 1975
Private Collection, South of France [5]

By 1976 – 1977/05/16
Heim Gallery Ltd. (François Heim and Andrew Ciechanowieki), Paris, France [6]

1977/05/16 –
National Gallery of Canada, purchased from the Heim Gallery [7]

The main source for this provenance is Bernard Dorival's catalogue raisonné, cat. no. 2045 [Dorival, Bernard. "Philippe de Champaigne. La vie, l'œuvre, et le catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre." Paris, 1976, vol. II, p.386, cat. no. 2045, repr. 517]. Exceptions and other supporting documents are noted.

[1] Dorival lists this sale in his provenance with reservations. The description in the catalogue reads ”Un Christ a la croix, et dans le fond la ville de Jerusalem.” No dimensions are given. Since Champaigne produced a number of very similar works, it is impossible to clearly identify this painting as the NGC's [Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 8651].

[2] A painting of Christ on the Cross by Champaigne with a matching description and similar dimensions was included in sale in Paris in 1816 [“Catalogue de tableaux par A. Pérignon” at Paris, Jan. 29, 1816, lot 3, Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 8805]. According to a handwritten note in the Heim copy of the sale catalogue, the painting was offered by Ludwig Maximilian Comte Rigal (1748–1830), a French-German collector of engravings [provenance given by Heim Gallery, Accession records, NGC curatorial file]. The copy of the same catalogue in the NGC curatorial file has a handwritten entry, identifying Pérignon as its buyer. Perignon was apparently the organizer of the sale.

[3] The painting was sold the following year by Pérignon [“Catalogue de tableaux précieux, provenant du cabinet de M. Pérignon, peintre, commissaire expert des Musées Royaux”, Paris, Dec. 10, 1817, lot 7, Getty provenance database, Lugt no. 9256]

[4] Dorival mentions that a Christ on the Cross by Champaigne was offered in a sale in Paris, 1838 [“Catalogue de tableaux italiens espagnols, flamands, hollandais et français composante l'intéressante collection de feu M. Quatre-Solz de Lahante, ancient commissaire–expert du Musée royal.” Paris, May 8-10, 1838, lot no. 57.] However, the catalogue does not give any dimensions, which makes it impossible to identify the work as the NGC's version.

[5] This provenance information was given by the Heim Gallery. See note [6]. [Accession records, NGC curatorial file].

[6] Negotiations between the NGC and the Heim Gallery about the purchase of the work started in August 1976 [Accession records, NGC curatorial file].

[7] Accession log [NGC curatorial file].

Title
Christ on the Cross
Date
c. 1655-1660
Medium
Painting
Materials
oil on canvas
Dimensions
84.3 x 63.3 cm
Nationality
French
Credit line
Purchased 1977
Accession number
18796