National Gallery of Canada / Musée des beaux-arts du Canada

Bulletin 20, 1972

Annual Index
Author & Subject

Museum, McGill University, 
Montreal Notes on the Relationship of 
Photography and Painting in Canada, 1860-1900

by Ann Thomas

  1  |  2  |  3  |  4


1 Van Deren Coke, "The Use of Photographs by Artists," lecture at George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, 27 November 1970.

William Colgate, The Art Students' League (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1954), p. 2. "The New Society [Ontario Society of Artists] had for its promoters a group of painters living in Toronto and employed by Notman and Fraser, a firm of photographers, whose portraits formed on a photographic base gave employment to a number of artists who later became celebrated for less dubious forms of aesthetics." 

Lindquist-Cock, "Stereoscopic Photography and the Western Paintings of Albert Bierstadt," Art Quarterly, vol. 33, no.4 (Winter 1970), p. 378, n. 38.

4 The Report on the Products and Manufacture of Ontario at the International Exhibition Philadelphia 1876 (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 1877), p. 219. Xerox copy in Notman archives.

5 Ibid., p. 378.

6 Untitled newspaper clipping in the file on J. A. Fraser, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

7 J. Russell Harper, Early Painters and Engravers in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970), p. 100.

8 Elizabeth Collard, " A Forgotten Artist - Samuel Hawksett," Canadian Antiques Collector, vol. 3, no. 12 (December 1968), p. 16.

9 Photographic journals carried articles on overpainting in both watercolours and oils. A .S. and A. I. Heath, A New Treatise on Photography (New York: Heath and Brother, 1855), states that oils require that the base-photograph be mounted on mill-board or canvas and that it be oiled carefully before the application of paint.

10 Moncrieff Williamson, Robert Harris 1849-1919, An Unconventional Biography (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1970), p. 27.

11 Cyril Robinson, "He painted the Face of Canada," Weekend Magazine, vol. 15, no. II (13 March 1965), pp. 22, 23.

12 Personal scrap-book of George A. Reid, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

13 File for Paul Peel in the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts notes that Peel studied under Eakins.

14 Albert Bierstadt worked in an advisory capacity with his brothers, the photographers Charles and Edward. Lindquist-Cock, op. cit., pp. 364, 365, n. 3.

15 Another of Peel's paintings, Portrait of a Young Boy, in the London Public Library and Art Museum, has an inscription I. r., "from photo." In a letter to James Spooner in 1882, now in the library of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Peel wrote: "I have not made any copies since 1878 nor do I intend to only under commission [sic]."

16 "Photography on Canvas," Photographic News, vol. 7, no. 227 (9 January 1863), p. 23.

17 "Photography on Canvas," Photographic News, vol. 7, no.228 (16 January 1863), p. 35.

18 "Photographs on Canvas," American Journal of Photography, vol. I, no.9 (I October 1858), p. 139.

19 Letter from Homer Watson to James Spooner, dated 29 December 1885, in the Ontario Archives.

20 "Art in Canada," Canadian Monthly, vol. 3 (January 1873), p. 262. 

21 "Mr Sawyer's Art and Photographic Studio," The Gazette (Montreal), vol. CI, no.21 (24 January 1872), p. 2, col.7.

22 "Notes by C.F. Notman Regarding the Establishment of the Firm, Wm. Notman and Son, photographers" (unpublished notes in the Notman Archives, McCord Museum, Montreal), MS p. 2. "During the years many fine artists were on the staff amongst them O. R. Jacoby [sic] John Hammond, Jas. Weston, O. Sharpe [sic], Vought [sic], Eugene L'Africain, G. Horne Russell and C. W. Dennis."

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