TABLE OF CONTENTS

Collection Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content

Organization of the Collection

Index Terms

Administrative Information 

Contact Information

Series Level Descriptions

1 - Correspondence: 1940-1951. 

2 - Photographs: ca. 1870, ca. 1935-ca. 1958. 

National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives

Carl Schaefer fonds:

Finding Aid



Collection Summary

Title: Carl Schaefer fonds. 
Dates: – ca. 1925-1936. 
Quantity:  – 34 printing blocks and 1 photo-mechancial plate. 

Biographical Sketch

Carl Schaefer (1903-1995) studied at the Ontario College of Art (1921-1924) with J.E.H. MacDonald (1873-1932) and Arthur Lismer (1885-1969), among others. During the 1920s and 30s, Schaefer worked at a variety of jobs, including as an assistant to J.E.H. MacDonald, as a painter of church decoration, as a builder and painter theatre sets, and as a commercial artist and sign painter. He taught at the Central Technical School, Toronto, from 1931 until 1947, and was the first Canadian painter to be awarded a Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship (1940). Schaefer spent 1940-1941 painting in Vermont near Dartmouth College and while there made use of the college's printmaking facilities. He had his first exhibition in 1924, which he organized himself in Hanover, Ontario. Schaefer exhibited with the Ontario Society of Artists in 1925, with the Group of Seven in 1928 and 1931, with John Alfsen (1902-1971) at the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1932, and had his first solo exhibition at the Picture Loan Society, Toronto, in 1937. Although better known for his painting of the countryside of southern Ontario, Schaefer produced forty-five prints between 1923 and 1945, including linocuts, wood engravings, drypoints, lithographs, and a stencil. He was invited to become an official war artist and enlisted with the R.C.A.F. in 1943. He was attached to various squadrons in England and Northern Ireland until 1944, posted to Iceland, and was discharged in 1946. In 1948, Schaefer was appointed an instructor at the Ontario College of Art and taught there until 1970. Schaefer received many honours and awards for his work during his lifetime. He was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, the Canadian Society of Graphic Art, the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour, the Canadian Group of Painters, and the International Institute of Arts and Letters.

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Scope and Content

The fonds consists of thirty-four printing blocks and one halftone photomechanical plate of works by Carl Schaefer. Also included in the fonds are a cap and leather mitts that belonged to Schaefer.

Source of supplied title proper: Title based on contents of fonds.

Immediate source of acquisition: Printing blocks and photomechanical plate were donated to the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives by Paul Schaefer, son of the artist, 2008. Carl Schaefer's cap and mitts were transferred to the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives from the National Archives of Canada, April 1998.

Physical description: Fonds includes 34 printing blocks, 1 photomechanical plate, and 3 objects.

Terms governing use and reproduction: Permission to reproduce or publish material from the Carl Schaefer fonds must be obtained from the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives.

Finding aids: Series level descriptions and printing blocks list available.

Related groups of records: Library and Archives Canada holds related material in the Carl Schaefer fonds.

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Organization of the Collection

This collection is organized into 2 series.
Series 1 - Printing blocks, [1926?]-1936.
Series 2 - Personal objects, [before 1941].

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Index Terms

Names:
Schaefer, Carl (1903-1995)
Document Types:
Printing blocks.
Photographs.

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Administrative Information

Processing Information

Collection processed and finding aid prepared by Robb Gilbert in 2011.

Preferred Citation

[Title of item], Carl Schafer fonds, National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives.

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Contact Information

Cyndie Campbell
Head, Archives, Documentation and Visual Resources
Library and Archives
National Gallery of Canada
380 Sussex Drive
P.O. Box 427, Station A
Ottawa, Ontario
K1N 9N4
 
T 613-990-0597
F 613-990-9818
 
ccampbel@gallery.ca 


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Series Level Descriptions

Printing blocks. – [1926?]-1936. – 34 printing blocks and 1 photomechanical plate.

Series consists of twenty-three printing blocks by Carl Schaefer, eleven linocut blocks and twelve wood engraving blocks. Also included in the series are four zinc printing blocks and one halftone photomechanical plate of works by Carl Schaefer, one uncut linocut printing block, two uncut end grain maple wood blocks and four wood engraving blocks by commercial wood engravers acquired by Schaefer.
Source of supplied title proper: Title based on contents of series.
Finding aids: Printing block list available.

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Personal objects. – [before 1941]. – 3 objects.

Series consists of a cap and leather mitts that belonged to Carl Schaefer. He appears in numerous photographs wearing the cap. The cap and mitts were portrayed by Schaefer in several prints (18591, 26519, 26520, 26521, 26522) and a painting (35594) in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada. Items were among the papers donated to the National Archives of Canada by Schaefer's sons, Mark and Paul, in 1997, then transferred to the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives in April 1998.
Source of supplied title proper: Title based on contents of series.

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