M.C.ESCHER

Mindscapes

Escher’s Life - Chronology

1898

Maurits Cornelis Escher is born 17 June in Leeuwarden, in the northern Dutch province of Friesland.

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1916

Makes his first print while attending secondary school in Arnhem.

1919–1922

Enters School for Architecture and Decorative Arts, Haarlem. Transfers from the architectural program to study printmaking, particularly woodcuts, under Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (1868–1944).

1922–1935

Travels to Italy in the spring of 1922 and is deeply impressed by the hillside towns. Settles in Rome in 1924. Sketches the countryside in summer, then develops drawings into prints in winter.

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1924–1938

Marries Jetta Umiker on 12 June 1924 in Viareggio, Italy. Three sons are born of their marriage: George (23 July 1926), Arthur (8 December 1928) and Jan (6 March 1938).

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1929

Makes his first lithograph.

1931

Begins to make wood engravings, which require a harder, end-grained woodblock, permitting finer lines.

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1935

Leaves Rome to escape the rising tide of fascism; moves to Switzerland.

1936

Visits La Mezquita mosque in Córdoba and revisits the Alhambra in Granada.

1941

Returns to the Netherlands; settles in Baarn.

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1946

Makes his first mezzotint.

1954

Initiates contact with the scientific world with his exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, organized to coincide with the International Congress of Mathematicians.

1966–1967

Lends copies of his prints to Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague.

1970–1972

Moves to the Rosa Spier House in Laren, Netherlands. Dies 27 March 1972, in Hilversum, Netherlands.

M.C.ESCHER

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