Landscape by the Sea: the Côte d'Azur near Agay, 1905
French, 1880 - 1954
oil on canvas
54.6 x 65 cm
National Gallery of Canada (no. 5880)
© Estate of André Derain / ADAGP (Paris) / SODRAC (Montréal)
André Derain was born in Chatou, a town on the River Seine west of Paris, and lived there until 1907. He spent the summer of 1905 painting with Henri Matisse in Collioure, a French coastal town near the Spanish border. Here the two painted with the brilliant tonalities of primary colour that would characterize the Fauvist palette. It is likely that Derain painted "Landscape by the Sea" at the end of the summer, while making his way back to Paris indirectly via the small town of Agay, south-west of Cannes.
Marks and Labels
Lined, no marks visible
Henri Kapferer (1870–1958), Paris, France 
Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR), Paris, seized from Henri Kapferer 
Henri Kapferer, Paris, France 
E. J. Van Wisselingh & Co., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, purchased from Henri Kapferer 
The National Gallery of Canada, purchased from E. J. Van Wisselingh 
 Henri Kapferer was a French Jewish art collector who founded the company that later became Air France. He lived together with his brother Marcel with whom he occasionally co-owned paintings.
 Henri Kapferer's art collection, including Derain's The Côte d'Azur near Agay was seized by the ERR at the Chateau de Brissac in August 1941. The work was inventoried by the ERR as KAP (=Kapferer) 35, described as “Derain. Landscape with yellow, pink and blue slopes, green trees. Oil on canvas” with slightly different dimensions “52.2 x 63.5 cm“. It is noted on the ERR inventory card that the object “remained in Paris” [NARA Microfilm M 1943, roll 5 (Kapferer)]. The work was presumably returned to its former owner after the war. See note .
 See note .
 On March 21, 1952, Peter Eilers, director of E.J. Van Wisselingh & Co., wrote to NGC Director H.C. McCurry “The Derain ( ) I bought directly from the collection Kapferer in Paris, a collector of world fame, now about 80 years old and selling occasionally a picture.”]. The Van Wisselingh stock book notes that the work was purchased from Kapferer in 1952 and sold to the National Gallery of Canada the same year [Van Wisselingh archive, stock number S 7245, Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Dokumentatie, The Hague, The Netherlands].
 Accession Log [NGC curatorial file].
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