Three Heads, c. 1939
Galician, Canadian, 1904
charcoal and brown chalk on wove paper
36.2 x 48.3 cm
National Gallery of Canada (no. 5140)
The Federation [of Canadian Artists] was born in the early years of World War II, when people were beginning to realize that war not only meant a struggle for existence but also an urgent search for a new pattern of living, for a new and more satisfactory relationship of the individual to the community, of groups of individuals to larger groups. It had become apparent that if democracy were to survive we had to find a way of living in which the individual could achieve the maximum freedom of action and of self-expression consonant with his responsibilities to, and in the best interests of, the community. The Artist was obviously and particularly concerned; essentially an individualist and jealous of his rights to freedom of personal expression, yet at the same time very conscious of the gap which separates the artist from society.
What Is the Federation of Canadian Artists? pamphlet, c. 1945