A Stormy SeaEnlarge image

A Stormy Sea, c. 1884

Claude Monet
French, 1840 - 1926
oil on canvas
60 x 73.7 cm
Purchased 1946
National Gallery of Canada (no. 4636)

Monet usually began his paintings of outdoor subjects on the spot - en plein air - at times finishing them in the studio. In this work he has employed a variety of brush techniques to capture the motion of the sea and surf: long, horizontal strokes are used for the distant open sea, while vibrant swirls and dashes depict the waves breaking at the shore.


Charles Edward Haviland (1865–1921), Limoges, France [1]

– 1928
Reid & Lefèvre Ltd., London, England [2]

E.J. Van Wisselingh & Co., Amsterdam, The Netherlands [3]

1928 – 1946/03
Gordon C. Edwards (1866–1946), Ottawa, Canada, purchased from Van Wisselingh [4]

1946/03 –
National Gallery of Canada, purchased from G.C. Edwards [5]


The main source for this provenance is Daniel Wildenstein's catalogue raisonné, cat. no.663 [Wildenstein, Daniel. “Monet. Catalogue Raisonné.” Köln: Taschen / Paris: Wildenstein Institute, 1996]. Exceptions and other supporting documents are noted.

[1] Charles Haviland, American porcelain manufacturer in Limoges, employed Monet as a porcelain designer. Haviland was an avid collector of Japanese prints and artefacts as well as Impressionist paintings [d'Albis, Jean. “Haviland.” Paris: Dessain et Tolra, 1988, p. 41].

[2] The stock book of the Amsterdam art dealer E.J. Van Wisselingh & Co. records the painting's purchase from London art dealer Reid & Lefèvre Ltd. in 1928. It was sold to Gordon C. Edwards, the same year [Van Wisselingh Archive, stock number 5151, Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Dokumentatie, The Hague, the Netherlands].

[3] See note [2].

[4] See note [2].

[5] Accession Log [NGC curatorial file]. Edwards decided to sell Mer agitée

in 1945. The painting was shipped along with 24 other works from his collection to Grand Central Galleries, New York, on March 6, 1945, to be offered for sale. On May 23, 1945, Mer agitée was returned from Knoedler & Co., New York, along with five other paintings to the National Gallery of Canada, which purchased all six works in March 1946.

Provenance completed



No Audio


Evocative Power (1 min 53 sec)

Framing (1 min 48 sec)

Library and Archives

Search for catalogue entries


No Extras