Henry Sandham

1842 - 1910

"Here [in Boston] he is much in request, both as a portrait painter and as a painter of battle scenes and historical occurrences. He excels as an illustrator of books and magazines, examples of his work being frequently seen in the high-class publications of London, Boston and N.Y." - "Canadian Men & Women of the time 1898", Ed. By Henry James Morgan, Toronto, 1898

Henry Sandham was a painter, photographer, and illustrator whose reputation was established by his paintings and watercolours on Canadian subjects (Hunters Returning with their Spoil, 1877). He was part of the landscape movement that characterized Canadian art at the time of confederation.

After studying painting with his father, John Sandham, a house decorator, Henry decided to pursue an artistic career. At fourteen, he apprenticed with the photographer William Notman and four years later became the assistant of John Arthur Fraser, then head of the Art Department. He won a silver medal at the universal exposition in Paris in 1878 for his composite photograph of the Montreal Snow Shoe Club. With the help of Fraser, as well Otto Reinhold Jacobi, Adolphe Vogt and Charles Jones Way, three other artists who moved in Notman?s circle, Sandham turned into an accomplished draughtsman (Snowshoeing,1885) and painter.

In 1880 Sandham became a charter member of the Royal Canadian Academy. In that same year, he travelled to England and France then moved to Boston where he began to make illustrations for Scribner?s, Century and Harper?s. He exhibited regularly at the Boston Art Club and was eventually elected vice-president. Sandham continued traveling and painting in Belgium, Italy, Haiti and the Azores. He finally settled in London, England in 1901 where he pursued his career as an illustrator and had several pictures accepted for the annual exhibitions of the Royal Academy of Arts. A commemorative exhibition of his works was held at Earl?s Court in London in 1911.

Henry Sandham
Photography: M.O. Hammond Collection, National Gallery of Canada Archives

Birth name

Henry Sandham


Born in Montreal, Quebec, 24 May 1842


Died in London, England, 21 June 1910




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