Artworks and Artists
Carl Andre
Born in Quincy, Massachusetts, 1935

Collection of the Library and Archives, National Gallery of Canada

Carl Andre

Carl Andre was born into a family of draftsmen, bricklayers, and builders. From 1951 to 1953, he studied at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, where he was introduced to the new developments in art. In 1954 he travelled to England and France and was impressed by his visits to Stonehenge, the Eiffel Tower, and the Louvre. After a year of compulsory military service, Andre moved to New York and found employment as an editorial assistant for a publisher. From 1960 to 1964, while continuing to work as a sculptor and writer, he earned his living as a brakeman and conductor for the Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1965 Andre had his first solo exhibition, at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery in New York. Since then, he has continued to make floor sculptures out of standard industrial units, such as commonplace bricks or metal plates set out in simple geometric combinations.