Red can illustrate rhythm. Rhythm is the sound of a heartbeat or a catchy tune. Visual rhythm is a sequence of shapes patterned to direct the eye around an artwork. Jean-Paul Riopelle creates rhythm in the spiral movement of The Wheel II. Its shades and shapes come from spontaneous movement and paint application, characteristic of the Automatistes. The eye travels over the surface rather than resting on a central subject. Rhythm can be found in representation or abstraction, from Nevinson's depictions of charging soldiers to Janet Kigusiuq's Caribou Meat Covered with Flies.

Jean-Paul Riopelle The Wheel II, 1956 © Estate of Jean Paul Riopelle / SODRAC (Montreal) 2000

Simon Tookoome I Am Always Thinking About the Animals, 1973

Marc Chagall
The Eiffel Tower, 1934 ©Estate of Marc Chagall / ADAGP (Paris) / SODRAC (Montreal) 2000

Janet Kigusiuq Caribou Meat Covered with Flies, 1990

C. R. W. Nevinson Returning to the Trenches, 1914