National Gallery of Canada / Musée des beaux-arts du Canada

Bulletin 26, 1975

Annual Index
Author & Subject

"Christ with Saints Alexandra and Agatha"
A Russian Icon in the National Gallery

by George Galavaris

Pages  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7


19 H. Skrobucha, Ikonenmuseum Recklinghausen, catalogue (4th ed.; Recklinghausen: A. Bongers, 1968), no.262.

20. B. Rothemund, Katalog des Ikonenmuseum Schloss Autenried (Munich, Autenried: Slavisches Institut München, 1974), no. III, 66.

21 Skrobucha, Ikonenmuseum Recklinghausen, no. 330, a splendid reproduction in colour.

22 A. Karakatsani et al, Mone Stavroniketa (Athens: National Bank of Greece, 1974), p. 88, no. 15, superb colour photographs. For other examples and discussions of the iconography of the theme, see J. D.Breckenridge,"Et prima vidit," Art Bulletin, vol. XXXIX (1957), pp. 9ff; K. Weitzmann, "Eine vorikonoklastische Ikone des Sinai mit der Darstellung des Chairete," Tortulae. Romische Quartalschrift, 38 vol. xxx, Supplementheft(1966), pp. 317ff; idem, The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai, The Icons, vol. 1 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), p. 50, no. B.27; D. Mouriki, The Frescoes of the Church of St Nicholas at platsa in the Mani (Athens: Bank of Attica, 1975), pp. 42,43, flgS 15, 16. For an example in Russian monumental art see V. N. Lazarev, Old Russian Murals and Mosaics from the XI to the XVI Century (London: Phaidon, 1966), fig. 143.

23 Korina, p. 126, no.103.

24 For the various Russian schools of painting, see H. P. Gerhard, Welt der Ikonen, pp. 109-151; B. Rotheillund, Handbuch der Ikonenkunst (2nd ed.; Munich, Autenried: Slavisches Institut München, 1966), pp. 140-151; W. Felicetti-Liebenfels, Geschichte der russischen Ikonenmalerei (Graz: Akademische Druck., 1972) with the earlier bibliography.

25 Korina, p. 104, no.79; colour repr. in Onasch, Icônes, no.144.

26 V. H. Elbern, Ikonen aus der Jrühchristlichen-byzantiuischen Sammlung, staatliche Museen preussischer Kulturbesitz-Berlin (Berlin, 1970), no. 21. Cf. also another Moscow icon, c. 1600, in the same collection (ibid., no. 15). For discussions on the Moscow school see n. 24. Fundamental is the study by V. N. Lazarev, Moscow School of Icon Painting, in Russian and English (Moscow: "Iskusstvo," 1971) which, however, does not deal with the century we are mainly concerned with here.

27 See Lazarev, Moscow School of Icon Painting, pl. 73.

28 For a colour reproduction see Jubiläumsaustellung 1974,
(Munich: Gallery Ilas Neufert, 1974), no. 43.

29 Ibid., no. 73.

30 Antonova and Mneva, vol. II, pp. 326, 32, no. 801; D. and T. Talbot Rice, Icons and Their Dating (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975), no. 186.

31 V. N. Shchepkin, Ruskaia paleografiia (Moscow: Nauka, 1967), p. 46, fig. 5; cf. also inscription on the icon reproduced in fig. II.

32 T. Goldberg et al, L'orfèvrerie et la bijouterie russes au XV-XX siècles, in Russian with a summary in French (Moscow: Nauka, 1967). For a translation of the catalogue of marks into German and a good introduction see B. Rotheillund, Verzeichnis der russischen Gold- und Silbermarkeu (Munich, Autenricd: Slavisches Institut München, 1971). The Museum of Icons in Schloss Autenried possesses several old metal covers. It is to be hoped that Bishop Rotheillund and the Slavic Institute of Munich will undertake their study and eventual publication. For the ornament of icons in general see Gerhard, Welt der Ikonen, pp. 212ff. For the Byzantine icons in particular, see A. Grabar, Les revêtements en or et en argent des icônes byzantines du moyen âge (Venice: Institut Hellénique de Venise, 1975).

33 See Goldberg, op. cit., p. 129, no.3.

34 Ibid., figs 10, 32.

35 Antonova and Mneva, vol. Il, p. 326, no.801; for another similar silver basma see Felicetti-Liebenfels, op. cit., fig. 373.

36 T. V. Nikolayeva, Collection of Early Russian Art in Zagorsk Museum, in Russian and English (Leningrad:
"Aurora," 1968), p. 226, no. 124.

37 Korina, p. 97, no. 72; colour repr. in Onasch, Icônes,
p. 404, pl. 127.

38 Nikolayeva, op. cit., no. 38.

39 See H. Skrobucha, Ikonen, Sammlung Popoff (Recklinghausen: A Bongers, n.d.), p. 67, a late seventeenth-century icon with an enthroned Christ and saints.

40 For popular piety and the icon see Galavaris, op. cit., pp. 13ff.

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