Marlborough and Kneller: Home
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Painting and "Protest" in the Age of Queen Anne
by Douglas Stewart
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14 The inventory is
Huntington Library MS. ST 83, in which the
picture is described as "Duke of Chandos' Family piece by Sir
15 See the plan in Collins Baker, facing p. 144. The room measured
22 feet 2 inches in width, was 26 feet deep and had a ceiling of 15
feet 6 inches. It was situated at the right-hand corner of the
building on the ground floor, behind the two front bays. Since the
corner walls were pierced by windows and the back wall had a
fireplace, the most likely site for the picture would have been
the long inner side wall.
16 See Collins Baker, p. 148. In his early years, and after
Kneller's death, Chandos sat to less fashionable portrait painters
such as Hawker, Michael Dahl and Jonathan Richardson (see Collins
Baker, passim). Dahl's full-length portrait in robes
that was in the Stowe sale, 1921 (Collins Baker, frontispiece)
appears to be the one now at Sam Lord's Castle, Barbados. I am
indebted to my uncle, Dr. J. D. Stewart, for this reference
am very grateful to Lord Spencer for permission to publish the
picture here. It formerly belonged to the Earls of Chichester.
According to the 1725 inventory, it hung in the Library and was
valued at £ 80 (see Collins Baker, p. 167). This is considerably
above the 60 guineas that Kneller normally charged for a full-length
portrait in his later days, but the figure may include frame. Also,
the attention paid to the background figures may have raised the
18 Huntington Library , ST 57. xvi, pp. 435-36.
19 Huntington Library, ST 57, xvii, p. 52. Collins Baker, p. 167,
cited the latter part of this letter, but did not connect it with
the Althorp portrait.
20 Winston S. Churchill, Marlborough, His Life and Times, vol.
4 (London: Harrap, 1938), p. 510.
21 In the Blenheim archives. See David Green, Blenheim Palace (London:
Country Life, 1951), pp. 298-99. The picture was in the
Marlborough Exhibition, Chesterfield House, London, 1934, no.426
22 G. Vertue, op. cit., vol. V, Walpole Society, vol. 26
(Oxford, 1938) p. 88. It appeared in the Mead sale, March 1754, 2nd
day, lot 15. Dr. Mead was named as a pall-bearer in Kneller's will.
(Somerset House, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Richmond, f.266)
23 See Letters and the Second Diary of Samuel Pepys, ed. and
with introd. by R. G. Howarth (London, Toronto: Dent, and New York:
Dutton, 1932), p. 213.
24 Kneller held other official posts, including those of Gentleman
of the Privy Chamber and Deputy Lord Lieutenant for Middlesex. He
was also a Justice of the Peace.
In spite of his Whig politics, Kneller evidently could not swallow
the Whig propaganda about the birth of James II's son (The Old
Pretender). At a college dinner at Oxford, he challenged Dr. Wallis'
s questioning of the legitimacy of the Prince of Wales, saying that
"he did not in ye" least doubt but that he was the son of
K. James and Q. Mary". See Remarks and Collections of Thomas
Reame, vol. I: 4 July 1705-19 March 1707, ed. by
C. E. Dobie, Oxford Historical Society Publications, vol. II
(Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1885), p. 83.
25. Quoted in J. B. Wolf-Louis XIV (New York: Norton, 1968), p.
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